Restrictive lung disease is not a simple case of lung problem as it may cover several kinds of respiratory disorders. And sad to say, it is chronic and your mode of breathing is impaired and made difficult. With its progression, you find it too grueling to sustain your body with the needed oxygen. There are different cases of restrictive lung diseases as there are numerous obstructive problems also. For the restrictive, the most common are interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and scoliosis. For the obstructive problems, the COPD cases of emphysema, chronic bronchitis and asthma are the usual cases. For all of these, the most typical sign is hard of breathing where the lung arteries are blocked, scarred or stiff. The lung failure may have been caused by blood or water in the lungs.
There are different reasons causing the restrictive lung disease but they are grouped into two categories only , intrinsic and extrinsic causes. The intrinsic factors refer to the inside of the lungs such as the tissue and the space around the lungs. The extrinsic factors that affect the outside of the lungs are obesity, deformities and limits to lung expansion. Under the intrinsic restrictive lung disease, the tissues are damaged. When they do not heal or when no tissues grow, they become irritated or scarred. The damage leads to interstitial lung disease, sarcoidosis, auto immune inflammatory disease and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
The lungs tend to be normal with the extrinsic lung disease. However, there are other factors that restrict the expansion of the lungs leading to difficult inhaling and exhaling. Breathing with the extrinsic disease is shallow and rapid , the effect of the failure of the lungs to fully expand. When the condition continues, the lungs become too stiff. Restrictive lung disease is rare among children. Most sufferers have ages ranging from 20 to 40 years old but the most commonly affected age bracket is 75 years and older. This makes senior citizens very prone to this affliction. The most common symptom of chronic obstructive lung disease is shortness of breath and this can be attributed to a number of causes. And this shortness is highly dependent on the components of the problem.
Common COPD cases are asthma, emphysema and bronchitis and you can suffer a combination of these ailments. Asthma is a lung condition caused by inflammation or excessive mucous production that reduces the opening of the airways. Bronchitis also is blockage of the airways due to mucous and it becomes chronic when it lasts for a longer time or is recurrent. Emphysema is a worse case because with this affliction it is the air sacs that are damaged. Any combination of these diseases can cause respiratory failure.
The problem with some people is that their lack of knowledge of their condition leads to non-consultation with the doctor and they tend to be under-diagnosed. Chronic obstructive lung disease or COPD decreases lung functionality Chronic obstructive lung disease is labeled COPD which actually stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The obstructive lung disease becomes chronic because it recurs and recurrence is long lasting. The characteristic is pulmonary airway obstruction which leads to the lung’s failure to function efficiently. Any malfunctioning of the lungs results to shortness or difficult breathing.
Most COPD cases are caused by tobacco however smoking is not the only cause of the lung’s malfunctioning. It is a risk factor but environmental exposure to toxins and pollutants and genetics are also contributory factors to having COPD. You have to be watchful for the signs such as increased cough and phlegm, shortness of breath, wheezing, fatigue and chest tightness. The condition should not be taken for granted as its progression can threaten your life. Restrictive lung disease is a breathing disorder that can be as dreadful as the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Shortness of breath that you experience can be a sign of the disease. Consult your physician before your lungs total fail in its functionality.